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Market Extra: These 11 arguments will decide ‘titanic’ stock-market battle as Fed begins hiking rates

Stock-market bulls and bears are set to fight a “titanic battle” in the months ahead as the Federal Reserve prepares to lift interest rates, a top macro strategist warned late Tuesday.

The equity market, which has stumbled heavily to begin 2022, as Treasury yields rose and investors ramped up expectations for an aggressive series of rate increases and other measures by the Fed, will be “far from a one-way street” as the tightening process gets under way, wrote Deutsche Bank’s Alan Ruskin in a note.

To that end, he offered up a list of 11 arguments “that bulls and bear can use to counterpunch each other.” (See below.)


Deutsche Bank

“As always it is how these factors are ranked and weighted in importance that counts. For example the idea that the Fed is taking away the punch bowl may be enough to trump most the other factors — although historically (and contrary to popular opinion) equities have generally done reasonably well when tightening is under way,” Ruskin wrote.

As noted by MarketWatch’s Mark DeCambre, data compiled by Dow Jones Market Data going back to 1989 shows the average return for the Dow Jones Industrial Average
DJIA,
+0.89%

during hiking cycles is nearly 55%, while the S&P 500
SPX,
+1.50%

has seen an average rise of 62.9% and the Nasdaq Composite
COMP,
+2.40%

has averaged a positive return of 102.7%.

The Fed isn’t expected to take any action when it concludes its first policy meeting of the year on Wednesday afternoon, but it is expected to lay the groundwork for a rate increase in March and to have also discussed how and when it will begin shrinking its nearly $9 trillion balance sheet when it’s ready to do so.

Traders have priced in an aggressive round of rate hikes in 2022. Some have even penciled in the possibility of a 50 basis point, or 0.5 percentage point, rise in March rather than the more widely expected, and usual, 25-basis-point rise. Some market watchers contend that market participants have become overly aggressive on rate expectations, leaving room for a positive surprise if the Fed and doesn’t significantly enhance its already hawkish posture on Wednesday.

Read: Stock-market selloff is so overdone, the bar is low for a positive Fed surprise, say JPMorgan analysts

Looking ahead, Ruskin said risky assets are likely to be resilient to 25 basis point rate increases at the March, May and June meetings, even if that pace isn’t fully priced into the market, “as long as the path of tightening does not acknowledge a still quicker and more extensive tightening cycle ahead.”

Need to Know: It’s Jerome Powell time — and one Wall Street bank warns the S&P 500 could fall another 20%. Goldman Sachs says the bull market will continue.

He noted that the market has only a little more than 50 basis points of hikes priced in for 2023, helping to keep expectations for the ceiling on the fed-funds rate, referred to as the terminal rate, below 2%.

The bottom line is that traders who are bullish on stocks and other risky assets shouldn’t expect Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell to let up on messaging around the coming rate-hike cycle, even if he doesn’t overtly push market pricing in a more hawkish direction, Ruskin said, adding that Powell will “implicitly acknowledge” that equities remain far away from the “strike price” on the metaphorical Fed put option largely because the Fed is “worryingly behind the inflation curve.”

Read more: Stock-market investors can’t count on the ‘Fed put’ — why policy makers aren’t seen rushing to rescue

Don’t expect to see risky assets get anymore than temporary relief following the Fed announcement, with investors set to revert to watching key data, such as the latest employment cost index reading on Friday, he said.

Also see: How Jerome Powell may try to calm the market’s frazzled nerves